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Basic Provisioning of Partitions and File Systems


1. Ability to provision extra storage on-the-fly


1. Identify available storage

a. ‘fdisk -l’ – returns connected storage

2. Create partitions on desired hard drive:

a. ‘fdisk /dev/sdb’ – interacts with /dev/sdb drive

b. ‘n’ – to add a new partition

c. ‘p’ – primary

d. ‘1’ – start cylinder

e. ‘+4096M’ – to indicate 4 Gigabytes

f. ‘w’ – to write the changes to the disk

Note: use ‘partprobe partition (/dev/sdb1)’ to force a write to a hard drive’s partition table on a running system

Note: ‘fdisk’ creates raw partitions

3. Overlay (format) the raw partition with a file system

a. mke2fs -j /dev/sdb1 – this will write inodes to partition

4. Mount the file system in the Linux file system hierarchy:

a. mkdir /home1 && mount /dev/sdb1 /home1

b. mount OR df -h – either will reveal that /dev/sdb1 is mounted

Note: lost+found directory is created for each distinct file system

5. Configure ‘/home1’ to auto-mount when the system boots

a. nano /etc/fstab and copy and modify the ‘/home’ entry


About Ali abdo

Ali 32 years old from Egypt working as system engineer riding motorcycle to Support and develop Egyptian tourism, spread motorcycling.

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